Drug rehab involves various medical and psychotherapeutic treatment programs for drug abuse and dependency. The process of drug and alcohol treatment is sometimes split into two separate component, detoxification and drug rehab. While detox enables patients to stop drug intake in a safe and supportive medical setting, drug rehab treats the precedents of drug abuse and ensures long-term recovery.
Depending on the substance of abuse and operational philosophy of the treatment facility, drug rehab can involve a huge range of medical and behavioral therapy programs. Learn how you can select the right program for you or someone you love by calling Arlington Drug Treatment Centers at (703) 463-2418.
In the context of substance use disorders, an addiction is defined by the compulsive and uncontrolled use of psychoactive substances despite negative consequences. While tolerance and the existence of a withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use are hallmark signs of substance addictions, the actual state of addiction is defined by the nature of rewarding stimuli rather than the consequences of withdrawal. Drug rehab centers help people to overcome substance addictions every day, with detox regimes put in place to rid the body of drugs and therapy programs offered to treat the underlying causes of addiction.
Drug addictions can be categorized in numerous ways, with common methods splitting up drugs according to their legal status or addictive potential. For example, drugs are often categorized as either prescription drugs or illicit drugs, with some treatment facilities specializing in a particular classification.
Commonly abused prescription drugs include opioid painkillers, central nervous system (CNS) depressants and stimulants. Commonly abused illicit drugs include heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine, MDMA, marijuana and LSD.
While prescription drugs and illegal drugs share a number of similarities, illicit drug use does come with extra risks associated with contamination and unknown dosage levels. Drugs are also categorized according to the existence or not of a physical withdrawal syndrome, with physically addictive drugs including heroin, alcohol and benzodiazepines.
Additionally, addiction can be broken down into physical and psychological dependence:
Physical dependence is defined by tolerance and the existence of physical withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use. Physical dependence can develop from the long-term use of prescription medications or recreational drugs, with the extent and length of addiction influencing the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
Physical dependence can manifest as both physical-somatic and emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms, both of which are caused by certain physiological adaptions in the central nervous system as it reacts to chronic drug exposure and discontinuation. Physical dependence often requires an extended period of detoxification at a specialized detox clinic, with medications often used to alleviate symptoms and smooth out the recovery process.
Psychological drug dependence involves a mental withdrawal syndrome upon cessation of use, with recovering addicts experiencing cravings, depression and other emotional-motivational effects. While the vast majority of physically addictive drugs also produce psychological dependency, the opposite is not the case. Examples of drugs with a strong psychological pull include cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA.
While a detox period is always useful in helping people to stop drug use, medications are not always required to treat psychological dependence. With less emphasis on medical detox and medication therapy, patients will be offered extensive behavioral therapy and counseling programs to treat the precedents of drug abuse. Relapse prevention programs are also useful to reduce the possibility of relapse following treatment.
If you or anyone you know is suffering from drug abuse or addiction problems, it’s important to seek help at a dedicated drug and alcohol treatment center. Call Arlington Drug Treatment Centers at (703) 463-2418 for help today.